domingo, 20 de septiembre de 2009

Race to the bottom?? Veiled protectionism??

On September 10, 2009, the U.S. Department of Labor released three reports on child labor and/or forced labor in foreign countries, including the initial List of Goods Produced by Child or Forced Labor required by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 (TVPRA List). The report informs the public about 122 goods from 58 countries that ILAB has reason to believe are produced by forced labor, child labor or both, in violation of international standards.

This list should concern global vendors and suppliers because it is likely to affect U.S. importers' assessment of risks associated with sourcing from particular countries and could increase consumer pressure for increased transparency and traceability of the listed products.

The countries on the List span every region of the world. The most common agricultural goods listed are cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, coffee, rice, and cocoa. In the manufacturing sector, bricks, garments, carpets, and footwear appear most frequently; and in mined or quarried goods, gold and coal. The report also includes listings of the sources used to make determinations about each good on the List.

The products on the DOL list include, AMONGT OTHER, the following.

. Textiles and toys from China
. Sugarcane from the Dominican Republic
. Cotton from Uzbekistan
. Diamonds and gold from the Democratic Republic of Congo
. Garments from India and Jordan

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